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Ratajczak Mikołaj (Polish Academy of Sciences)
Desire and Intellect : Individuation in Capitalism, or Simmel vs. Marx
Polish Sociological Review, 2018, nr 4, s. 499-514, bibliogr. 49 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Kapitał, Poglądy filozoficzne
Capital, Philosophical thought
summ., This work was supported by the National Science Centre Poland under Preludium 8 grant competition, contract no. UMO-2014/15/N/HS1/02431.
Simmel Georg, Marks Karol
The aim of this text is to compare Simmel's and Marx's notions of two subjective faculties, desire and intellect, and the role each plays in modern capitalist societies. While Simmel understands the faculties as individual, Marx's critique of political economy presents their social, public, and trans-individual character. These two perspectives differ over the particular economic sphere in which we ought to locate the social production of subjectivity. Simmel locates such production in market exchange, the formal, symbolic expression of which is money, thereby leading to the notion of an intersubjective social reality as the effect of monetary relations between desiring and calculating individual subjects. Marx, for his part, treats both desire and intellect as trans-individual faculties, and locates the social production of subjectivity in the sphere of production as subsumed under capital. (original abstract)
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Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Pełny tekst
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