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Autor
Piotrowska Katarzyna (Kozminski University, Poland), Rae Gavin (Kozminski University)
Tytuł
Divergence Not Convergence : the Strengthening of the post-Communist Welfare State Model in Central and Eastern Europe After European Union Expansion
Źródło
Polish Sociological Review, 2018, nr 3, s. 303-319, tab., rys., zał., bibliogr. 18 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Państwo opiekuńcze, Kraje postkomunistyczne, Analiza skupień
Welfare state, Post-communist countries, Cluster analysis
Uwagi
summ.
Firma/Organizacja
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Kraj/Region
Europa Środkowo-Wschodnia
Central and Eastern Europe
Abstrakt
This paper analyses the welfare states in the post-Communist countries from Central and Eastern Europe, which are members of the European Union. It applies the welfare regime typology methodology, partly developed by Esping-Andersen, as a framework for this research. The paper examines the two main predictions that emerged from the literature on the future of the welfare states in Central and Eastern Europe. Firstly, was the thesis that these welfare states would not fit easily into any of the existent models in Western Europe. Secondly, that these welfare states would gradually converge with one or more of the welfare regimes existent in the West. We have used hierarchical cluster analysis to check the extent of this welfare convergence/divergence over the first ten year period after the eastern expansion of the European Union (2004 and 2014). We discovered that in 2004 the postcommunist countries were divided between two clusters, although by 2014 all of the post-Communist countries (apart from Slovenia) had grouped together in one separate cluster. Therefore a process of divergence from the western European welfare models and a convergence between the post-Communist welfare states had actually occurred. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
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  2. Esping-Andersen, G. 1993. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  3. Esping-Andersen, G. (Ed). 1996. Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economies. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
  4. Fenger, H. 2007. Welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe: Incorporating post-communist countries in a welfare regime typology, Contemporary Issues and Ideas in Social Sciences 3(2): 1-30.
  5. Ferge, Z. 2001. Welfare and Ill-fare Systems in Central-Eastern Europe, in: B. Sykes, B. Palier, and M. Prior (eds.), Globalization and European Welfare States: Challenges and Change. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
  6. Inglot, T. 2003. Historical Legacies, Institutions and the Politics of Social Policy in Hungary and Poland, 1989-1999, in: G. Ekiert, and S. Hanson (Eds.), Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe: Assessing the Legacy of the Communist Rule. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  7. Korpai, W. 1985. Power Resources vs Action and Conflict: On Causal and Intentional Explanation in the Study of Power, Sociological Theory 3(2): 31-45.
  8. Marshall, T.H. 1992. Citizenship and Social Class. London: Pluto.
  9. Mencinger, J. 2002. Slovenia: Alternative Economic Policies in Action, Der Offentliche Sektor - Dorschungs-B Erichte 3-4: 58-63.
  10. Pierson, P. 1996. The New Politics of the Welfare State, World Politics 48(2): 143-179.
  11. Pierson, P. 2009. The New Politics of the Welfare State. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.
  12. Polanyi, K. 1944. The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time. Boston: Beacon Press.
  13. Rae, G. 2016. Public Capital and the Post-Communist Welfare State: The Case of Poland, Polish Sociological Review 194: 155-169.
  14. Rueschemeyer, M., Cook, L., and Orenstein, M. 1999. Left Parties and Social Policy in Postcommunist Europe. Colorado: Westview Press.
  15. Rys, V. 2001. Transition countries of central Europe entering the European Union: Some social protection issues, International Social Security Review 54(2-3): 177-189.
  16. Saint-Arnaud, S., and Bernard, P. 2003. Convergence or Resilience? A Hierarchical Cluster Analysis of the Welfare Regimes in Advanced Countries, Current Sociology 51(5): 499-527.
  17. Sengoku, M. 2004. Emerging Eastern European Welfare States: A Variant of the "European" Welfare Model, in: S. Tabata, and A. Iwashita Sapporo (Eds.), Slavic Eurasia's Integration into the World Economy and Community. Sapporo: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University.
  18. Stark, D., and Bruszt, L. 1998. Post-Socialist Pathways. Transforming Politics and Property in East and Central Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1231-1413
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.26412/psr203.01
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