BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Wenzel Michał (University of Social Sciences and Humanities), Żerkowska-Balas Marta (University of Social Sciences and Humanities)
Reading, Writing and Political Competence
Polish Sociological Review, 2018, nr 2, s. 147-165, rys., tab., bibliogr. 46 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Media, Polityka, Telewizja, Czasopiśmiennictwo, Web 2.0
Media, Politics, Television, Periodicals, Web 2.0
summ., The authors worked on this text within the framework of research grants no. 2015/19/B/HS5/01224 (Media Effects on Political Attitudes) and 2013/11/B/HS5/035459 (Political Knowledge in Poland) funded by National Science Centre Poland, conducted at the Institute of Social Sciences, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw.
In the present paper we analyze the relation between political competence and media exposure. Taking into account the dynamic transition of media environment related to growing impact of the internet (web 2.0) we made several assumptions about the influence of traditional and new media on political sophistication. We hypothesize that the impact of the media on political competence is related to qualitative, rather than quantitative factors; competence rises with the way a media consumer interacts with the medium, rather than on the amount of time spent with the medium. The empirical analysis based on a mass public opinion survey confirms our assumptions: there is a positive relationship between media exposure and political competence, however various kind of media differ as far as their influence is concerned. Moreover the use of interactive internet features (participation in information exchange) is a key factor shaping competence. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Pełny tekst
  1. Almond, G., Verba, S. 1963. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. London: Sage.
  2. Ball-Rokeach, S.J., andDeFleur, M.L. 1976. A Dependency Model or Mass-Media effects. Communication Research, 3, 3-2.
  3. Bryan, C., Tsagаrousianou, R., Tambini, D. 1998. Electronic Democracy and the Civic Networking Movement in Context, in: R. Tsagarousianou, D. Tambini, C. Bryan (eds.), Cyberdemocracy, Technology, Cities and Civic Networks. London: Routledge.
  4. Cairncross, F. 2001. The Death of Distance. How the Communications revolution is Changing Our Lives. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  5. Carmines, E.G., Stimson, J.A. 1980. The Two Faces of Issue Voting, American Political Science Review 74(1): 78-91.
  6. Сastells, M. 2003. The Internet Galaxy. Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  7. Сastells, M. 2007. Communication, Power and Counter-power in the Network Society, International Journal of Communication 1: 238-266, Los Angeles: USC Annenberg Press.
  8. Сhong, D., Drukman, J.N. 2007. Framing Public Opinion in Competitive Democracies, American Political Science Review 4: 663-680.
  9. Converse, P.E. 1964. The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics, in: D. Apter (ed.), Ideology and Discontent. New Jork: Free Press.
  10. Daekyung, K., Johnson, J. 2006. A Victory of the Internet over Mass Media? Examining the Effects of Online Media on Political Attitudes in South Korea, Asian Journal of Communication 16(1): 1-18.
  11. Dahl, R. 2000. On Democracy, Polish Edition: O demokracji. Kraków: Znak.
  12. DeFleur, M.L., Ball-Rokeach, S. 1989. Theories of Mass Communication (5th ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
  13. DiMaggiо, P.J., Hargillai, E., Neuman, W.R., & Robinson, J.P. 2001. Social Implications of the Internet, Annual Review of Sociology 27: 307-336.
  14. Entman, R.M. 1989. Democracy without Citizens: Media and the Decay of American Politics. Oxford University Press.
  15. Faraon, M., Stenberg, G., and Kaipainen, M. 2014. Political Campaigning 2.0: The Influence of Online News and Social Networking Sites on Attitudes and Behavior, Journal of Democracy 6(3): 231-247.
  16. Feliksiak, M. 2015. "Odbiór kampanii wyborczej i aktywność polityczna w internecie przed wyborami parlamentarnymi." Komunikat z badań. Warszawa: CBOS.
  17. Graber, D. 1988. Processing the News: How People Tame the Information Tide (2nd edn.) New York: Longman.
  18. Hargittai E., Walejko, G. 2008. The Participation Divide: Content Creation and Sharing in the Digital Age, Information, Communication and Society 11(2): 239-256.
  19. Hargittai, E. 2002. Second-level Digital Divide: Differences in People's Online Skills, First Monday 7(4).
  20. Hortala-Vallve, R., Esteve-Volart, B. 2011. Voter Turnout and Electoral Competition in a Multidimensional Policy Space European Journal of Political Economy 27(2): 376-384.
  21. Jankowski, N.W., and Van Selm, M. 2000. The Promise and Practice of Public Debate in Cyberspace, in: K. Hacker, and J. van Dijk (eds.), Digital Democracy. London: Sage Publication.
  22. Klapper, J. 1960. The Effects of Mass Communication. New York: Free Press.
  23. Kononova, A., Alhabash, S., Cropp, F. 2011. The Role of Media in the Process of Socialization to American Politics among International Students, International Communication Gazette 73(4): 302-321.
  24. Kryszczuk, M., Green, B. 2016. Diminishing Returns: The Decreasing Relevance of the Digital Divide in the Context of Occupational Differentiation, in: K.M. Słomczyński (ed.), Dynamics of Social Structure. Poland 's Transformative Years 1988-2013. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo IFiS PAN, pp. 167-183.
  25. Laver, M., Hunt, W.B. 1992. Policy and Party Competition. London: Routledge.
  26. Morozоv, E. 2011. The Net Delusion: the Dark Side of Internet Freedom. New York: Public Affairs.
  27. Neuman, W.R., Just, M.R., Сrigler, A.N. 1992. Common Knowledge. News and the Construction of Political Meaning. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  28. Norris, P. 2001. Digital Divide, Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and the internet Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  29. Orliński, W. 2013. Internet. Czas się bać. Warszawa: Agora.
  30. Postman, N. 2005. Amusing Ourselves to Death. London: Penguin.
  31. Prior, M. 2007. Post-broadcast Democracy. Cambridge University Press.
  32. Robertson, D. 1976. A Theory of Party Competition. London: John Wiley.
  33. Rumelhart, D.E., and Norman, D.A. 1985. Representation in Memory, in: R.C. Atkinson , R.J. Herrnstein, G. Linzey, and R.D. Luce (eds.), Handbook of Experimental Psychology. New York: Wiley.
  34. Salomon, G. 1984. Television is 'Easy' and Print is 'Tough': The Differential Investment of Mental Effort in Learning as a Function of Perceptions and Attributions, Journal of Educational Psychology 76(4): 647-58.
  35. Sсhmidt, E., and Cohen, J. 2013. The New Digital Age: Reshaping the Future of People, Nations and Business. London: Vintage Books.
  36. Shah, D.V., Сho, J., Eveland, W.P, and Kwаk, N. 2005. Information and Expression in a Digital Age: Modeling Internet Effects on Civic Participation, Communication Research 32(5): 531-565.
  37. Shepsle, K., Воnсhek, M. 1997. Analyzing Politics. Rationality, Behavior and Institutions. New York: Norton.
  38. Thürner, P. W., and Eymann, A. 2000. Policy-Specific Alienation and Indifference in the Calculus of Voting: A simultaneous Model of Party Choice and Abstention, Public Choice 102: 51-77.
  39. Townera, T.L., Dulioa, D.A. 2011. The Web 2.0 election: Does the online medium matter?, Journal of Political Marketing 10(1-2): 165-188.
  40. Utz, S. 2009. The (potential) Benefits of Campaigning via Social Network Sites, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 14(2): 221-243.
  41. Van Dijk, Jan. 2010. Społeczne aspekty nowych mediów. Analiza społeczeństwa sieci. Warszawa: PWN.
  42. Visser, P.S., Holbrook, A., and Krosnick, J.A. 2008. Knowledge and Attitudes, in: W. Donsbach and M. Traugott (eds.), The Sage Handbook of Public Opinion Research. London: Sage, pp. 123-140.
  43. Wenzel, M., and Feliksiak, M. 2012. Wpływ internetu na głosowanie w wyborach parlamentarnych 2011 roku, Studia Socjologiczne 4: 133-155.
  44. Zaller, J.R. 1992. The nature and origins of mass opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  45. Zipp, J.F. 1985. Perceived Representativeness and Voting: An Assessment of the Impact of "Choices" vs. "Echoes," American Political Science Review 79(1): 50-61.
  46. Żerkowska-Balas, M., Cześnik, M., Zaremba, M. 2017. Dynamika wiedzy politycznej Polaków, Studia Socjologiczne 3: 7-31.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu