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Autor
Gudeta Sisay Yami (Development Partners Consulting Firm, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
Tytuł
Environmental Determinant of Acute Diarrheal Disease among Under five Children: Unmatched Case Control Study in Babile District, East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, East Ethiopia
Źródło
Journal of Health Policy and Outcomes Research, 2017, nr 2, s. 54-59, rys., tab., bibliogr. 12 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Choroby
Illness
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Etiopia
Ethiopia
Abstrakt
Introduction: Diarrhea is defined as passing of loose or watery stool for three or more times during a 24 hours period. Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of mortality in developing countries, especially among children under the age of five years. The objective of the study was to assess environmental determinant of acute diarrheal disease among under five children in Babile district, East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, East Ethiopia. Methods: A community based unmatched case control study design was used and data collection period was from May 10-30, 2016. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select four kebeles. Then; Proportionate sample was drawn from each kebele by simple random sampling .Analyses were performed using SPSS software and ethical clearance was obtained. Result: A total of 396 sample (132 cases and 264 controls) were interviewed in this study making 100% response rate. Occurrence of Acute diarrhea in under five children in Babile district was significantly associated with non improved toilet facility (AOR=3.363,95% CI: 1.701- 6.647), improper disposal of solid waste (AOR=9.196, 95% CI: 4.623-18.294) and unimproved water source (AOR=5.164,95% CI: 2.798-9.531). Conclusion: Environmental predictors of acute diarrhea in under five children were non improved toilet facility, absence of solid waste disposal pit and unimproved water source. Therefore; the recommendations forwarded were community led total sanitation, safe & adequate water supply(original abstract)
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. WHO,2010. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, Geneva, Switzerland.
  2. Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey (Mini EDHS),2014; Central Statistical Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  3. Keusch G, Fontaine O, Bhargava A, et al, Diarrheal diseases. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press; 2006: 371-388.
  4. WHO Media centre. Diarrheal diseases; 2013.available at http://www.who.int/topics/ (accessed 4 Decemeber,2015).
  5. Ethiopia Demographic and health survey (EDHS), 2011.Central Statistics Authority & ORC Marco. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA.
  6. CSA Woreda Population Projection. Population projection of Ethiopia for all regions 2014-2017,2013.Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  7. Walker CL, Aryee MJ, Boschi-Pinto C, Black RE,2012. Estimating diarrhea mortality among young children in low and middle income countries. PLoS One 7: e29151. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029151.
  8. CSA, 2013.Population projection for Ethiopia 2007-2037.Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  9. WHO/UNICEF,2006.Core Questions on Drinking Water and Sanitation for Household Surveys, WHO Press, Geneva, Switzerland.
  10. Wanzahun Godana, Bezatu Mengiste Environmental factors associated with acute diarrhea among children under-five years of age in Derashe district, Southern Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health, 2013;1(3):119-24.
  11. Solomon Tetteh .Sanitation & diarrheal disease among children under five years in Ghana, University of Ghana, 2013;available athttp://ugspace.ug.edu.gh(accessed 4 Decemeber,2015).
  12. Muluken Dessalegn, Abera Kumie, Worku Tefera. Predictors of under-five childhood diarrhea: Mecha District, West Gojam, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 2011;25(3) 192-200.
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2299-1247
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.7365/JHPOR.2018.1.7
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