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Kıymaz Sultan (Ahi Evran University), Karadavut Ufuk (Ahi Evran University), Şimşek Galip (Ahi Evran University), Soğancı Kübra (Ahi Evran University)
Evaluation of the Relationship between Rural Migration and Agricultural Production in Turkey
Konińskie Studia Społeczno-Ekonomiczne, 2017, T. 3, nr 3, s. 219-226, tab., rys., bibliogr. 6 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Obszary wiejskie, Migracja, Produkcja rolna, Produkcja roślinna, Produkcja zwierzęca
Rural areas, Migration, Agricultural production, Crop production, Animal production
Migration is the movement of people from one area to another within a country (internal migration) or from one country to another country (international migration). Internal migration in Turkey is experienced for many years depending on the social and economic development. People are going to somewhere to find a job or better living standards. Especially, internal migration since 1950s has accelerated in Turkey. However, rural migration, which is defined as migration from villagers to urban centers, has begun to intensify with internal migration. It is still continuing this situation. In rural areas, the biggest source of income for people is agricultural production. However, agricultural production values are decreasing present day. Depending on the this decline, people in our country have begun to move to the nearest urban center. The purpose of the study is to examine the immigration phenomenon intensively in our country in detail and to evaluate the relations between rural possibilities and agricultural production in Turkey. Data (2001-2014) were obtained from Turkish Statistical Institute. As findings, the ratio of net migration was found as -3.5. It was determined that cattle presence (-1.175), sheep presence (-0,407) and goat presence (-1,433) decreased considerably depending on the migration. Wool and egg production was found to also be reduced. The correlation between the number of animal and animal products values with the amount of migration were found to be statistically significant. it is understood that rural migration in our country is still continuing and will continue. It is observed that the reduction in the amount of land per capita has reached serious proportions, and the problems encountered in animal and crop production have not been sufficiently resolved. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Beauchemin, C., Schoumaker, B. (2005). Migration to cities in Burkina Faso: Does the level of development in sending areas matter? World Development, 33(7), 1129-1152.
  2. Guresci, E. (2013). Rural immigration in Turkey and agricultural problems. Journal Of Humanities And Social Science, 16(4), 63-70.
  3. Erdönmez, C., Sezgin Özden, S. (2009). Relations between rural development projects and urban migration: The Köykent Project in Turkey. Ciência Rural, 39(6), 1873-1873.
  4. European Employment Observatory Review. (2010). Youth employment measures, 2010 - Turkey. Downloaded: sites/job_gateway/files/EEO Review-YEM2010.pdf0I.pdf
  5. Munro, J. (1974). Migradition in Turkey. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 22(4), 634-653.
  6. Taş, H. I., Lightfoot, D. R. (2005). Gecekondu settlements in Turkey: Rural-urban migration in the developing European periphery. Journal of Geography, 104, 263-271.
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