BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Kiersztyn Anna (University of Warsaw)
Solidarity Lost? : Low Pay Persistence During the Post-Communist Transition in Poland
Polish Sociological Review, 2015, nr 4, s. 493-509, tab., rys., bibliogr. 46 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Zatrudnienie, Płace, Dane panelowe
Employment, Wages, Panel data
This article analyses long-term changes in the persistence of low wages in Poland, given the variations in the general economic situation. All analyses are based on data from the Polish Panel Survey (POLPAN) conducted throughout the post-communist transition period, 1988-2013, on a representative sample of the Polish adult population. The study found that being in a low paid job raises the probability of experiencing the same situation five years later, even when controlling for the general economic context and the respondents' demographic and economic characteristics. Upward mobility rates among initially low paid workers were significantly higher during periods of economic prosperity; however, even then low pay persistence remained substantial. The results also point to a secular growth in the persistence of poverty-level wages over the past two decades. Persistent low wages may bring about spaces of long-term poverty and social exclusion which cannot be overlooked by policy makers. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
  1. Aretz, B., Gürtzgen, N. 2012. What Explains the Decline in Wage Mobility in the German Low-Wage Sector? ZEW Discussion Paper No. 12-041.
  2. Bachmann, R., Bechara, P., Schaffner, S. 2012. Wage inequality and wage mobility in Europe, Ruhr Economic Papers, No. 386.
  3. Baranowska, A., Bober, M., Bukowski, M. 2007. Spatial mobility, in: M. Bukowski (ed.), Employment in Poland 2006: Productivity for jobs. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej, pp. 115-162.
  4. Cappellari, L. 2007. Earnings mobility among Italian low-paid workers, Journal of Population Economics 20 (2): 465-482.
  5. Cappellari, L., Jenkins, S. P. 2008. Estimating low pay transition probabilities accounting for endogenous selection mechanisms, Applied Statistics 57 (2): 165-186.
  6. Central Statistical Office (GUS). 2005. Praca nierejestrowana w Polsce w 2004 r. [Unregistered work in Poland in 2004], Informacje i opracowania statystyczne. Warszawa: GUS.
  7. Clark, K., Kanellopoulos, N. C. 2009. Low Pay Persistence in European Countries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4183, BONN: Institute for the Study of Labour.
  8. Comi, S., Grasseni, M. 2012. Are Temporary Workers Discriminated Against? Evidence from Europe, The Manchester School 80 (1): 28-50.
  9. Dickens, R. 2000. Caught in a Trap? Wage Mobility in Great Britain: 1975-1994, Economica, New Series 67 (268): 477-498.
  10. Domański, H., Sawiński, Z., Słomczyński, K. M. 2009. Sociological Tools Measuring Occupations. New Classification and Scales. Warszawa: IFiS Publishers.
  11. EC. 2004. Employment in Europe 2004. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  12. EC. 2008. Employment in Europe 2008. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  13. EC. 2014. Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2013. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  14. Gash, V. 2008. Preference or constraint? Part-time workers' transitions in Denmark, France, and the United Kingdom, Work, Employment, Society 22 (4): 655-674.
  15. Gernandt, J. 2009. Decreasing Wage Mobility in Germany. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 09-044.
  16. Giesecke, J. 2009. Socio-Economic Risks of Atypical Employment Relationships: Evidence from the German Labour Market, European Sociological Review 25 (6): 629-646.
  17. Giesecke, J., Groß, M. 2003. Temporary Employment: Chance or Risk?, European Sociological Review 19 (2): 161-177.
  18. Immervoll, H., Pearson, M. 2009. A Good Time for Making Work Pay? Taking Stock of In-Work Benefits and Related Measures across the OECD. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 81, OECD Publishing.
  19. Kiersztyn, A. 2007. Who Works for Less? Contingent Work and Underemployment, in: K.M. Słomczyński, S.T. Marquart-Pyatt (eds.), Continuity and Change in Social Life: Structural and Psychological Adjustment in Poland. Warszawa: IFiS Publishers, pp. 153-180.
  20. Kiersztyn, A. 2012. Analiza ekonomicznych konsekwencji zatrudnienia na czas określony dla jednostek i gospodarstw domowych, in: M. Bednarski, K. Frieske (eds.), Zatrudnienie na czas określony w polskiej gospodarce. Społeczne i ekonomiczne konsekwencje zjawiska. Warszawa: Instytut Pracy i Spraw Socjalnych, pp. 93-121.
  21. Kiersztyn, A. 2014. Job Insecurity: Who is Affected? Is it Transitory?, Research Group on Comparative Analysis of Social Inequality Summary Report. Warsaw: IFiS Publishers. Online version:
  22. Kiersztyn, A. 2015. Early Careers on a Segmented Labour Market: Who Can Escape the Precarity Trap? Paper presented at the 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association, Prague, 25-28 August.
  23. Kopczuk, W., Saez, E., Song, J. 2010. Earnings Inequality and Mobility in the United States: Evidence from Social Security Data since 1937, Quarterly Journal of Economics 125 (1): 91-128.
  24. Luciflora, C., McKnight, A., Salverda, W. 2005. Low wage employment in Europe: A Review of the Evidence, Socio-Economic Review 3 (2): 259-292.
  25. Luijkx, R., Wolbers, M. H. 2009. The Effects of Non-Employment in Early Work-Life on Subsequent Employment Chances of Individuals in the Netherlands, European Sociological Review 25 (6): 647-660.
  26. Magda, I. 2008. Wage Mobility In Times Of Higher Earnings Disparities: Is It Easier To Climb The Ladder?, ISER Working Paper Series, No. 2008-10, Colchester: Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  27. Magda, I., Szydłowski, A. 2008. Wages in macro- and micro-perspective, in: M. Bukowski (ed.), Employment in Poland 2007: Security on a Flexible Labour Market. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej, pp. 71-109.
  28. McGovern, P., Smeaton, D., Hill, S. 2004. Bad Jobs in Britain: Nonstandard Employment and Job Quality. Work and Occupations 31 (2): 225-249.
  29. OECD. 1997. Employment Outlook 1997. Paris: OECD.
  30. OECD. 2003. Employment Outlook 2003. Paris: OECD.
  31. OECD. 2009. Employment Outlook 2009. Paris: OECD.
  32. OECD. 2014. Employment Outlook 2014. Paris: OECD.
  33. Osborn, E., Słomczyński, K. M. 2005. Open for Business: The Persistent Entrepreneurial Class in Poland. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo IFiS PAN.
  34. Paskov, M., Dewilde, C. 2012. Income inequality and solidarity in Europe, Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 30 (4): 415-432.
  35. Pavlopoulos, D., Muff els, R., Vermunt, J. K. 2010. Wage mobility in Europe. A comparative analysis using restricted multinomial logit regression, Quality and Quantity 44 (1): 115-129.
  36. Pavlopoulos, D., Muffels, R., Vermunt, J. K. 2012. How real is mobility between low pay, high pay and non-employment? Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, Statistics in Society 175 (3): 749-773.
  37. Public Opinion Research Centre (CBOS). 2008. Bezrobotni [The Unemployed]. Komunikat z badań "Warunki życiowe społeczeństwa polskiego: problemy i strategie. Raport nr BS/37/2008. Warszawa: CBOS.
  38. Robin, J.-M. 2011. On the Dynamics of Unemployment and Wage Distributions, Econometrica 79 (5): 1327-1355.
  39. Rutkowski J. J. 1996. Changes in the Wage Structure during Economic Transition in Central and Eastern Europe, Social Challenges of Transition Series, World Bank Technical Paper No. 340.
  40. Rutkowski, J. J. 1997. Low wage Employment in Transitional Economies of Central and Eastern Europe, MOCT-MOST: Economic Policy in Transitional Economies 7 (1): 105-130.
  41. Rutkowski, J. J. 2001a. Earnings Mobility during the Transition: The Case of Hungary. MOCT-MOST: Economic Policy in Transitional Economies 11 (1): 69-89.
  42. Rutkowski, J. J. 2001b. Earnings Inequality in Transition Economies of Central Europe Trends and Patterns During the 1990s, Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0117, Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
  43. Sloane, P. J., Theodossiou, I. 2000. Earnings mobility of the low paid, in: M. Gregory, W. Salverda, S. Bazen (eds.), Labour Market Inequalities: Problems and Policies towards Low-wage Employment in International Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 82-99.
  44. Słomczyński, K. M. 2009. Occupational Scales According to Skill Requirements, Complexity of Work, Material Renumeration, and Prestige, in: H. Domański, Z. Sawiński, K. M. Słomczyński, Sociological Tools Measuring Occupations. New Classification and Scales. Warsaw: IFiS Publishers, pp. 139-179.
  45. Słomczyński, K. M. et al. 2014. Key facts about the Polish Panel Survey POLPAN 1988-2013. Warsaw: Research Group on Comparative Analysis of Social Inequality, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Available at:
  46. United Nations Development Program (UNDP). 2004. Raport o rozwoju społecznym Polska 2004: W trosce o pracę [Working out employment. National Human Development Report Poland 2004]. Warsaw: UNDP.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu